57 Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939)

imageAustrian physician and psychoanalyst. Freud offered a series of extended accounts of the mechanism of repression, by means of which the motives of human behavior are unrecognizably disguised even from their agents. A series of lectures entitled Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse (The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis) (1917) offer a summary of his methods and results. In Die Traumdeutung (The Interpretation of Dreams) (1900) , Freud proposed the analysis of dreams as a method of discovering the substantive content of the individual unconscious. In Die Zukunft einer Illusion (The Future of an Illusion) , he offered a naturalistic account of religious belief.

Recommended Reading: The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud, ed. by A. A. Brill (Modern Library, 1995); The Freud Reader, ed. by Peter Gay (Norton, 1995); The Cambridge Companion to Freud, ed. by Jerome Neu (Cambridge, 1992); Paul Ricoeur, Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation, tr. by Denis Savage (Yale, 1986); Anthony Storr, Freud (Oxford, 1989); and Donald Levy, Freud Among the Philosophers: The Psychoanalytic Unconscious and Its Philosophical Critics (Yale, 1996).

Also see IEPEBC. George BoereeAndrew BrookELCAndy Blunden, and Austria-Forum.

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