61 Martin Heidegger (1889-1976)


After studying with Husserl, Martin Heidegger undertook an academic career in Germany, lecturing with great success both in Marburg and at the University of Freiburg, where he served as Rector in 1933-34. During this period, Heidegger not only cooperated with the educational policies of the National Socialist government but also offered it his enthusiastic public support. As a result, Heidegger was suspended from all teaching duties in the post-war era from 1945 to 1950.
The nature and extent of his sympathies for Nazi ideology remain matters of some dispute.Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit (Being and Time) (1927) applied the methods of phenomenology to ontology, in an effort to comprehend
the meaning of “Being” both in general and as it appears concretely. This led Heidegger to a conception of human existence as active participation in the world, “being-there” {Ger. Dasein}, despite its inherent limitations and the threat of inauthenticity.
HHeideggereidegger’s most familiar themes are evident in The Basic Problems of Phenomenology (1927) and
EinFhrung in die Metaphysik (Introduction to Metaphysics) (1953). “Hegel and the Greeks” is a sample of Heidegger’s reflections on the history of philosophy.


Recommended Reading:Primary sources:

  • Martin Heidegger Gesamtausgabe (Klostermann, 1975- )
  • Martin Heidegger, The Basic Problems of Phenomenology, tr. by Albert Hofstadter (Indiana, 1988)
  • Martin Heidegger, Being and Time: A Translation of Sein and Zeit, tr. by Joan Stambaugh (SUNY 1997)
  • Martin Heidegger, An Introduction to Metaphysics, tr. by Ralph Manheim (Yale, 1986)
  • Martin Heidegger, The Metaphysical Foundations of Logic, tr. by Michael Heim (Indiana, 1992)
  • Martin Heidegger, The Essence of Human Freedom: An Introduction to Philosophy, trans. Ted Sadler (Continuum, 2002)
  • Martin Heidegger, The Essence of Truth: On Plato’s Cave Allegory and Theaetetus, trans. Ted Sadler (Continuum, 2002)
  • Martin Heidegger, On the Way to Language (Harper San Francisco, 1982)
  • Martin Heidegger, Zollikon Seminars: Protocols, Conversations, Letters, ed. by Medard Boss (Northwestern, 2001)

Secondary sources:

  • Joan Stambaugh, The Finitude of Being (SUNY, 1992)
  • The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger, ed. by Charles B. Guignon (Cambridge, 1993)
  • Steven Mulhall, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Heidegger and Being and Time (Routledge, 1996)
  • George Pattison, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to the Later Heidegger (Routledge, 2000)
  • Michael Inwood, Heidegger (Oxford, 1997)
  • John D. Caputo, The Mystical Element in Heidegger’s Thought (Fordham, 1986)
  • Theodore Kisiel, Heidegger’s Way of Thought: Critical and Interpretive Signposts, ed. by Alfred Denker and Marion Heinz (Continuum, 2002)
  • Martin Weatherston, Heidegger’s Interpretation of Kant: Categories, Imagination, and Temporality (Macmillan, 2002)
  • Steven Galt Crowell, Husserl, Heidegger, and the Space of Meaning: Paths toward Transcendental Phenomenology (Northwestern, 2001)
  • Herman Philipse, Heidegger’s Philosophy of Being (Princeton, 1998)
  • Jonathan Ree, Heidegger (Routledge, 1999)
  • Companion to Heidegger’s Contributions to Philosophy, ed. by Charles E. Scott, et. al. (Indiana, 2001)
  • Joanna Hodge, Heidegger and Ethics (Routledge, 1995)
  • Julian Young, Heidegger’s Later Philosophy (Cambridge, 2002)

Additional on-line information about Heidegger includes:


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Last modified 23 November 2011.


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