Chapter 6. Learning

Chapter 6. Critical Thinking Questions

  • Compare and contrast classical and operant conditioning. How are they alike? How do they differ?
  • What is the difference between a reflex and a learned behavior?
  • If the sound of your toaster popping up your toast causes your mouth to water, what are the UCS, CS, and CR?
  • Explain how the processes of stimulus generalization and stimulus discrimination are considered opposites.
  • How does a neutral stimulus become a conditioned stimulus?
  • What is the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment?
  • What is shaping and how would you use shaping to teach a dog to roll over?
  • What is the effect of prosocial modeling and antisocial modeling?
  • Cara is 17 years old. Cara’s mother and father both drink alcohol every night. They tell Cara that drinking is bad and she shouldn’t do it. Cara goes to a party where beer is being served. What do you think Cara will do? Why?


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Introduction to Psychology (A critical approach) Copyright © 2021 by Jill Grose-Fifer; Rose M. Spielman; Kathryn Dumper; William Jenkins; Arlene Lacombe; Marilyn Lovett; and Marion Perlmutter is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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