Chapter 6. Learning

Chapter 6. Conclusions

Learning is a fundamental process that encompasses acquiring various types of knowledge and skills. Classical conditioning involves the association of a neutral stimulus with a natural reflex response. This form of learning typically occurs through repeated pairings, leading to the conditioned stimulus triggering the conditioned response. Though in the case of fear learning and taste aversion it can occur after a single pairing. Operant conditioning focuses on the consequences of behavior. Individuals learn to associate their actions with reinforcements (which increase behavior) or punishments (that reduce behavior), shaping future actions. Not all learning can be explained by conditioning. Latent learning suggests that learning can occur without immediate reinforcement and is not always immediately expressed. Lastly, observation learning highlights the importance of observing and imitating others’ behaviors, fostering the acquisition of new skills through modeling. Together, these different types of learning contribute to our understanding of how individuals acquire knowledge and adapt their behavior to meet life’s challenges.


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Introduction to Psychology (A critical approach) Copyright © 2021 by Jill Grose-Fifer; Rose M. Spielman; Kathryn Dumper; William Jenkins; Arlene Lacombe; Marilyn Lovett; and Marion Perlmutter is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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