Book Print

Ben-Porath, S. R. (2023). Cancel wars: How universities can foster free speech, promote inclusion, and renew democracy. University of Chicago Press.

Copland, A. (2004). Aaron Copland: A reader : selected writings 1923-1972. Routledge.

Dines, G. (1998). Pornography: The production and consumption of inequality. Routledge.

Kersch, K. I. (2003). Freedom of speech: Rights and liberties under the law. ABC-CLIO.

Mazal Holocaust Collection, & Matsuda, M. J. (1993). Words that wound: Critical race theory, assaultive speech, and the First Amendment. Westview Press.

Thomson, E. M., & Gutman, D. (1988). The Lennon companion: Twenty-five years of comment (1st American ed.). Schirmer Books.

Case Open Access

Action for Children’s Television v. FCC, 58 F.3d 654 (D.C. Cir. 1995). Retrieved August 11, 2022, from

Boehner V. McDermott 484 F.3d 573 (D.C. Cir. 2007). Retrieved August 12, 2022, from

Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, 315 U.S. 568 (1942). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (1971). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v Knox 190 A.3d 1146, (August 21, 2018).

National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie, 432 U.S. 43 (1977).

Elonis v. United States, No. 13–983 (2015).

In re National Security Letter. (n.d.). EPIC – Electronic Privacy Information Center. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from

Luke Records, Inc. V. Navarro, 960 F.2d 134 | Casetext Search + Citator. Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973). Retrieved August 11, 2022, from

National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie, 432 U.S. 43 (1977). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Pennsylvania v. Knox (majority). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Roth v. United States, 354 U.S. 476 (1957). Retrieved August 11, 2022, from

Schenck v. United States, 249 U.S. 47 (1919). Retrieved August 8, 2022, from

United States V. Rosen 445 F. Supp. 2d 602 (E.D. Va. 2006). Retrieved August 12, 2022, from

Virginia v. Black, 538 U.S. 343 (2003). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Watts v. United States, 394 U.S. 705 (1969). Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

Case Summary OER

Brandenburg v. Ohio. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Cohen v. California. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Elonis v. United States. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Miller v. California. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Roth v. United States. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Schenck v. United States. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 4, 2023, from

Virginia v. Black. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

Watts v. United States. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 5, 2023, from

eBook Open Access

Brown, A. (2015). Ten Clusters of Laws/Regulations/Codes That Constrain Uses of Hate Speech. In Hate Speech law (1st Edition). Routledge.

Erlanson, E., Helgason, J., Henning, P., & Lindsköld, L. (Eds.). (2020). Forbidden Literature: Case studies on censorship. Kriterium.

Funk, S., Douglas, K., & Share, J. (2016). Critical Media Literacy as Transformative Pedagogy (pp. 1–30).

Kemp, G. (2014). Censorship Moments. Bloomsbury Academic.

Messina, J. P. (Ed.). (2023). New Directions in the Ethics and Politics of Speech. Taylor & Francis.

Monea, A. (2022). The Digital Closet: How the Internet Became Straight. The MIT Press.

Stjernfelt, F., & Lauritzen, A. M. (2020). Your Post has been Removed: Tech Giants and Freedom of Speech. Springer Nature.

eBook (John Jay College Community Access)

Ferro, R. L. (2010). Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment. In The First Amendment: Select Issues. Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated.

Floyd Abrams. (2013). Speech and Power: Is First Amendment Absolutism Obsolete? In Friend of the Court. Yale University Press.

Kosseff, J. (2022). The United States of Anonymous: How the First Amendment Shaped Online Speech. Cornell University Press.

O’Brien, D. M., & O’Brien, D. M. (2010). Congress shall make no law: The First Amendment, unprotected expression, and the Supreme Court. The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group.

Rosenberg, I. (2021). The Fight for Free Speech: Ten Cases That Define Our First Amendment Freedoms (1st ed.). NYU Press.

Roussos, G., & Dovidio, J. F. (2020). Tolerating hate: Racial bias, freedom of speech, and responses to hate crimes. In Perspectives on hate: How it originates, develops, manifests, and spreads (pp. 225–249). American Psychological Association.

Russomanno, J. (2002). Speaking Our Minds: Conversations With the People Behind Landmark First Amendment Cases (1st ed.). Routledge.

Library Database (John Jay College Community Access)

“A Professor’s Apology for Showing a Film With Blackface Was Not Enough.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Oct. 2021,

Adler, Amy. “What’s Left: Hate Speech, Pornography, and the Problem for Artistic Expression.” California Law Review, vol. 84, no. 6, 1996, pp. 1499–572,

Bax, Anna. “‘The C-Word’ Meets ‘the N-Word’: The Slur-Once-Removed and the Discursive Construction of ‘Reverse Racism.’” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, vol. 28, no. 2, 2018, pp. 114–36,

Crenshaw, Kimberle. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review, vol. 43, no. 6, 1991 1990, pp. 1241–300,

Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams. “Twenty Years of Critical Race Theory: Looking Back to Move Forward Commentary: Critical Race Theory: A Commemoration: Lead Article.” Connecticut Law Review, vol. 43, no. 5, 2011 2010, pp. 1253–354,

Darby, Henry E., and Margaret N. Rowley. “King on Vietnam and Beyond.” Phylon (1960-), vol. 47, no. 1, 1986, pp. 43–50,

Deflem, Mathieu. “Popular Culture and Social Control: The Moral Panic on Music Labeling.” American Journal of Criminal Justice, vol. 45, no. 1, Feb. 2020, pp. 2–24,

Feldstein, Ruth. “‘I Don’t Trust You Anymore’: Nina Simone, Culture, and Black Activism in the 1960s.” Journal of American History, vol. 91, no. 4, Mar. 2005, pp. 1349–79,

Lacey, Nicola. “Theory into Practice? Pornography and the Public/Private Dichotomy.” Journal of Law and Society, vol. 20, no. 1, 1993, pp. 93–113,

Longobardi, Ruth Sara. “Re-Producing Klinghoffer: Opera and Arab Identity before and after 9/11.” Journal of the Society for American Music, vol. 3, no. 3, Aug. 2009, pp. 273–310,

Margolick, David. “Performance as a Force for Change: The Case of Billie Holiday and Strange Fruit Classical Greek Themes in Contemporary Law: Plenary Address.” Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature, vol. 11, no. 1, 1999, pp. 91–110,

Matos, Amanda R. “Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Cardi B Jump through Hoops: Disrupting Respectability Politics When You Are from the Bronx and Wear Hoops.” Harvard Journal of Hispanic Policy, vol. 31, Jan. 2019, pp. 89–93,

Nikpour, Golnar. “Revolutionary Journeys, Revolutionary Practice: The Hajj Writings of Jalal Al-e Ahmad and Malcolm X.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, vol. 34, no. 1, 2014, pp. 67–85,

Pettit, Emma. “When Professors OFFEND Students: Classroom Norms Are Changing. Where’s the Line, and Who Decides?.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, vol. 68, no. 9, Jan. 2022, pp. 18–24,

Shank, Barry. “Fears of the White Unconscious: Music, Race, and Identification in the Censorship of ‘Cop Killer.’” Radical History Review, vol. 1996, no. 66, Oct. 1996, pp. 124–45,

Simmons, Brian K. “The Effect of Censorship on Attitudes toward Popular Music.” Popular Music and Society, vol. 16, no. 4, Dec. 1992, pp. 61–67,

Yan, Julie. “Art in the Dichotomy of Freedom of Expression & Obscenity: An Anti-Censorship Perspective.” Manitoba Law Journal, vol. 40, no. 3, 2017, pp. 365–90,

Music Recording Open Access

Black, Brown and Beige D.Ellington. (2012, January 14).

Charles Mingus—Fables of Faubus. (2011, May 14).

Fred Ho and the Afro-Asian Music Ensemble – Topic (Director). (2022, April 7). Strange Fruit Revisited.

Gil Scott Heron The Revolution Will Not Be Televised. (2009, July 9).

Jazz Time with Jarvis X (Director). (2020, June 30). Max Roach—We Insist! Freedom Now Suite (1960) (Full Album).

Malcolm, Malcolm—Semper Malcolm—Archie Shepp. (2017, May 7).

MinimalEffort (Director). (2019, February 18). John Adams—The Death of Klinghoffer (with Score)—Part 1—Prologue.

N.W.A.  Straight Outta Compton  (Live 1989 ). (2012, April 19).

Okmusix (Director). (2013, December 31). Charles Mingus—Fables Of Faubus.

The Last Poets  N****rs Are Scared Of Revolution. (2018, September 28).

The Last Poets When The Revolution Comes. (2008, May 24).


Robson, R. (2015). First Amendment: Cases, Controversies and Contexts. Open Research Library.

Article Open Access

Balkin, J. M. (n.d.). Free Speech and Hostile Environments. 28.

Collins-White, M. D., Cruz, A., Hernandez, J., Livermon, X., Story, K., & Nash, J. (2016). Disruptions in Respectability: A Roundtable Discussion. Souls, 18(2–4), 463–475.

Edwards, L. H. (n.d.). The Humanities in the Law School Curriculum: Courtship and Consummation. Scholarly Works, 51, 31.

Feeney, A. (n.d.). How American Protest Music Has Changed: A Study on the Lives and Music of Billie Holiday, Nina Simone and Janelle Monae: An Annotated Bibliography. 11.

Hill, R. L., & Savigny, H. (2019). Sexual Violence and Free Speech in Popular Music. Popular Music, 38(2), 237–251.

Jones, S. (1991). Ban(ned) in the USA: Popular Music and Censorship. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 15(1), 73–87.

Kellner, D., & Share, J. (n.d.). Critical Media Literacy, Democracy, and the Reconstruction of Education. 24.

Ruane, K. A. (n.d.). The Advocacy of Terrorism on the Internet: Freedom of Speech Issues and the Material Support Statutes. 27.

Video Recording Open Access

Donovan Livingston’s Harvard Graduate School of Education Student Speech. (2016, May 25).

Ice Cube of N.W.A Accepts Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Award. (2016, June 15).

Oliver Stone (Director). (n.d.). Snowden. NBC Universal. Retrieved August 12, 2022, from

Pages d. Matam “Questions for Nina Simone.” (2016, June 30). All Def Poetry.

What You Saying Poetry (Director). (2020, May 19). Miss Yankey  F**k The Police APOLOGY.

Youth Speaks (Director). (2018, April 26). Royalty “Letter To Your Flag” | 2018 Youth Speaks Teen Poetry Slam.


Blair, E. (2012, September 5). The Strange Story Of The Man Behind “Strange Fruit.” NPR.

Davis, A. (n.d.). X — The Life and Times of Malcolm X |. Retrieved August 12, 2022, from—-The-Life-and-Times-of-Malcolm-X–Anthony-Davis/

Editors, H. com. (n.d.). The Dixie Chicks backlash begins. HISTORY. Retrieved August 10, 2022, from

Fischer, P. (n.d.). Music Censorship. The Free Speech Center. Retrieved August 10, 2022, from

Foundation, P. (2022, August 10). The Poetry of the Vietnam War ( [Text/html]. Poetry Foundation; Poetry Foundation.

Goldsmith, J. (2010, December 10). Seven Thoughts on Wikileaks. Lawfare.

House Judiciary Committee Takes on Wikileaks Espionage Act. (2010, December 16). The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press.

McCluskey, J. (2016, June 24). “Young and Gifted and Little Girl Blue”—A poem (for Nina Simone). Jerry Jazz Musician.

Stone, G. (n.d.). Geof Stone’s Testimony to House Judiciary Committee on Espionage Act & WikiLeaks. University of Chicago Law School. Retrieved August 12, 2022, from


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

John Jay College Social Justice Landmark Cases eReader Copyright © by John Jay College of Criminal Justice is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book