Article Open Access
Blumer, H. (1958). Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position. The Pacific Sociological Review, 1(1), 3–7. https://www.vanderbilt.edu/diversity/wp-content/uploads/sites/96/2016/09/Race-Prejudice-as-a-Sense-of-Group-Position.pdf
Gannon,LiveScience, M. (n.d.). Race Is a Social Construct, Scientists Argue. Scientific American. Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/race-is-a-social-construct-scientists-argue/
Martinez, G. A. (2000). The Legal Construction of Race: Mexican-Americans and Whiteness. Occasional Paper No. 54. Latino Studies Series. http://www. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED455992
Allen, T. W., & Perry, J. B. (2012). The Invention of the White Race, Volume 1: Racial Oppression and Social Control (p. 372). Verso Books.
APAN I. 2015. Norton, Mary Beth, Jane Kamensky, Carol Sheriff, David W. Blight, Howard P. Chudacoff, Fredrik Logevall, and Beth Bailey. A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume I: to 1877. 10th edition. Cengage Learning.
APAN II. 2015. Norton, Mary Beth, Jane Kamensky, Carol Sheriff, David W. Blight, Howard P. Chudacoff, Fredrik Logevall, and Beth Bailey. A People and a Nation: A History of the United States, Volume II: Since 1865. 10th edition. Cengage Learning.
Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Harvard University Press.
Briggs, Laura. 2002. Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. University of California Press.
Central Works of Philosophy v4: Twentieth Century: Moore to Popper. (n.d.). Routledge & CRC Press.
Chasteen, John Charles. 2001. Born in Blood and Fire: A Concise History of Latin America. WW Norton & Company.
Cole, S., Parker, A. M., & Edwards, L. F. (2004). Beyond Black & white: Race, ethnicity, and gender in the U.S. South and Southwest (1st ed.). Published for the University of Texas at Arlington by Texas A & M University Press. https://cuny-jj.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01CUNY_JJ/1nmngs/alma990058905050106128
Desmond, Matthew, and Mustafa Emirbayer. 2010. Racial Domination, Racial Progress: The Sociology of Race in America. McGraw Hill.
Emirbayer, M., & Desmond, M. (2015). The Racial Order. University of Chicago Press.
Gardner, H. E. (1999). Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences For The 21st Century. Basic Books.
Gómez, Laura E. 2018 . Manifest Destinies: The Making of the Mexican American Race. Second Ed. NYU Press.
Harvey, Jennifer. 2007. Whiteness and Morality: Pursuing Racial Justice Through Reparations and Sovereignty. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hohle, Randolph. 2018. Racism in the Neoliberal Era: A Meta History of Elite White Power. New York: Routledge.
Ignatiev, N. (2012). How the Irish Became White. Routledge.
Jacobson, Matthew Frye. 1998. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Harvard University Press.
Klinkner Philip A. and Rogers M. Smith. 1999. The Unsteady March: The Rise and Decline of Racial Equality in America. University of Chicago Press.
Lamming, George. 1991 . In the Castle of My Skin. The University of Michigan Press.
Loveman, Mara. 2014. National Colors: Racial Classification and the State in Latin America. Oxford University Press, USA.
Marx, Anthony W. 1997. Making Race and Nation: A Comparison of South Africa, the United States, and Brazil. Cambridge University Press.
Moore, Wendy Leo. 2008. Reproducing Racism: White Space, Elite Law Schools, and Racial Inequality. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Telles, Edward Eric. 2004. Race in Another America: The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil. Princeton University Press.
Warman, Arturo. 2003. Los indios mexicanos en el umbral del milenio. Fondo de Cultura Económica.
Yashar, Deborah J. 2005. Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: The Rise of Indigenous Movements and the Postliberal Challenge. Cambridge University Press.
eBook Open Access
Baker, R. (1995). Los Dos Mundos. Utah State University, University Libraries. https://directory.doabooks.org/handle/20.500.12854/45398
Berger, P. L. (1966). The social construction of reality; a treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday. http://archive.org/details/socialconstructi0000berg
Fredrickson, G. M. (1982). White supremacy: A comparative study in American and South African history. Oxford University Press. http://site.ebrary.com/id/10460681
Gould, S. J. (1981). The Mismeasure of Man. https://web.archive.org/web/20151129135810/http://selfdefinition.org/science/25-greatest-science-books-of-all-time/17.%20Stephen%20Jay%20Gould%20-%20The%20Mismeasure%20of%20Man%20(1981)%20-%20Revised%20edition%20-%20missing%20last%20page.pdf
Case Open Access
Cisneros v. Corpus Christi Independent School Dist., 324 F. Supp. 599 (S.D. Tex. 1970). Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/324/599/2595261/
Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475 (1954). Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/347/475/
Indep. Sch. Dist. V. Salvatierra, 33 S.W.2d 790 | Casetext Search + Citator. Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://casetext.com/case/indep-sch-dist-v-salvatierra/
Mendez v. Westminister School Dist., 64 F. Supp. 544 (S.D. Cal. 1946). Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/64/544/1952972/
Ramirez v. State, 40 S.W.2d 138 (1931) | Caselaw Access Project. Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://cite.case.law/sw2d/40/138/
Case Summary OER
Hernandez v. Texas. (n.d.). Oyez. Retrieved February 4, 2023, from https://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1955/347us475
Library Database John Jay College Community
Bradshaw, Gilbert. “Who’s Black, Who’s Brown, and Who Cares: A Legal Discussion of Hernandez v. Texas Notes and Comments.” Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal, vol. 2007, no. 2, 2007, pp. 351–82, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/byuelj2007&i=355
Delgado, Richard. “Rodrigo’s Roundelay: Hernandez v. Texas and the Interest-Convergence Dilemma.” Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, vol. 41, no. 1, 2006, pp. 23–66, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/hcrcl41&i=29
Fuhlhage, Michael. “Brave Old Spaniards and Indolent Mexicans: J. Ross Browne, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine , and the Social Construction of Off-Whiteness in the 1860s.” American Journalism, vol. 31, no. 1, Winter 2014, pp. 100–26, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ufh&AN=96356285&site=ehost-live
Godfrey, Phoebe C. “The ‘Other White’: Mexican Americans and the Impotency of Whiteness in the Segregation and Desegregation of Texan Public Schools.” Equity & Excellence in Education, vol. 41, no. 2, June 2008, pp. 247–61, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=508064860&site=ehost-live
Gross, Ariela J. “The Caucasian Cloak: Mexican Americans and the Politics of Whiteness in the Twentieth-Century Southwest.” Georgetown Law Journal, vol. 95, no. 2, 2007 2006, pp. 337–92, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/glj95&i=349
Lopez, Ian F. Haney. “Race, Ethnicity, Erasure: The Salience of Race to LatCrit Theory Symposium: Latcrit: Latina/Os and the Law: Race, Ethnicity &(and) Nationhood.” California Law Review, vol. 85, no. 5, 1997, pp. 1143–212, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/calr85&i=1161
Pascoe, Peggy. “Miscegenation Law, Court Cases, and Ideologies of ‘Race’ in Twentieth-Century America.” The Journal of American History, vol. 83, no. 1, 1996, pp. 44–69, https://login.ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?qurl=https://www.jstor.org/stable/2945474
Sheridan, Clare. “Another White Race: Mexican Americans and the Paradox of Whiteness in Jury Selection Forum: Whiteness and Others: Mexican Americans and American Law.” Law and History Review, vol. 21, no. 1, 2003, pp. 109–44, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/lawhst21&i=133
Wilson, Steven H. “Brown over Other White: Mexican American’s Legal Arguments and Litigation Strategy in School Desegregation Lawsuits Forum: Whiteness and Others: Mexican Americans and American Law.” Law and History Review, vol. 21, no. 1, 2003, pp. 145–94, http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/lawhst21&i=169
Video Recording John Jay College Community
Camino Bluff Productions, Independent Television Service, Latino Public Broadcasting, WGBH, PBS Home Video, PBS Distribution, Miller, P., Sandoval, C., Grimberg, S., Olmos, E. J., Moore, A., Vega, A., & Schoenberg, S. (Directors). (2009). A Class Apart: A Mexican American civil rights story (Widescreen.). PBS Home Video. https://cuny-jj.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01CUNY_JJ/1nmngs/alma990060699250106128
A Class Apart. (n.d.). American Experience. Retrieved September 7, 2022, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/class/
(Bad) Luck of the Irish in Political Cartoons | Historical Society of Pennsylvania. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2022, from https://hsp.org/blogs/fondly-pennsylvania/bad-luck-of-the-irish-in-political-cartoons
Richard Rorty (1931-2007): The View From Somewhere. (2007, June 29). The Chronicle of Higher Education. https://www.chronicle.com/article/richard-rorty-1931-2007-the-view-from-somewhere/